Let's connect together

Make SwiftUI Color Codable

January 19, 2021

SwiftUI background color Codable Color Xcode

Make SwiftUI Color Codable by implementing the Codable protocol.

Implement the Codable protocol.

#if os(iOS)
import UIKit
#elseif os(watchOS)
import WatchKit
#elseif os(macOS)
import AppKit

fileprivate extension Color {
    #if os(macOS)
    typealias SystemColor = NSColor
    typealias SystemColor = UIColor
    var colorComponents: (red: CGFloat, green: CGFloat, blue: CGFloat, alpha: CGFloat)? {
        var r: CGFloat = 0
        var g: CGFloat = 0
        var b: CGFloat = 0
        var a: CGFloat = 0
        #if os(macOS)
        SystemColor(self).getRed(&r, green: &g, blue: &b, alpha: &a)
        // Note that non RGB color will raise an exception, that I don't now how to catch because it is an Objc exception.
        guard SystemColor(self).getRed(&r, green: &g, blue: &b, alpha: &a) else {
            // Pay attention that the color should be convertible into RGB format
            // Colors using hue, saturation and brightness won't work
            return nil
        return (r, g, b, a)

extension Color: Codable {
    enum CodingKeys: String, CodingKey {
        case red, green, blue
    public init(from decoder: Decoder) throws {
        let container = try decoder.container(keyedBy: CodingKeys.self)
        let r = try container.decode(Double.self, forKey: .red)
        let g = try container.decode(Double.self, forKey: .green)
        let b = try container.decode(Double.self, forKey: .blue)
        self.init(red: r, green: g, blue: b)

    public func encode(to encoder: Encoder) throws {
        guard let colorComponents = self.colorComponents else {
        var container = encoder.container(keyedBy: CodingKeys.self)
        try container.encode(colorComponents.red, forKey: .red)
        try container.encode(colorComponents.green, forKey: .green)
        try container.encode(colorComponents.blue, forKey: .blue)

Now you can use Color inside any codable object and any Apple platform (macOS, iOS, watchOS and ipadOS).